If you’re wondering what defines a pomeranian, the American Kennel Club (AKC) has a strict definition of the breed. The AKC breed standard probably contains more details than you’ll ever need or want to know, unless you plan to have your pom compete in competitions. If this is the case then you should study the breed standard very closely!
Here’s a short summary of the breed standard.
Body Size and Shape
Especially if you’re out of school, you might think you’re done with history lessons. But a history lesson on pomeranians very important because it lets you know how that furry guy or gal on your lap came to be. It explains why your pom behaves and views things they way he does. And in turn it’ll help you become better friends by understanding his quirks and habits.
Pomeranians are Descended from Arctic Working Dogs
That pom on your lap wasn’t always a small toy dog, mostly there to entertain us. In fact, it’s descended from working Spitz dogs living in Iceland and Lapland (hence it’s furry body!). These spitz dogs were used for many tasks, including sled pulling, sheep herding, hunting, and as warning dogs. The same qualities that these dogs had are in some form or another still in today’s modern pomeranians: athletic, devoted to their owners, and covered in thick double fur coats that protect them from the cold.
Spitz dogs eventually became popular in Germany around the 16th or 17th century. Five distinct types of spitzes emerged, and the pomeranian is a descendent of the smallest of these–the dwarf spitz (or zwergspitz). Dwarf spitzes, like today’s pomeranians, stood just under a foot tall. Continue reading A Short History of Pomeranians