Dogs don’t sense things like people do. For example, trying to teach a pom to tell the difference between a red scarf and a green scarf may be a lost cause because your little buddy doesn’t see colors well.
To understand how to best communicate with your pom this means you should understand how he senses the world.
Smell is a pom’s strongest sense. Poms use smell as their primary sense for understanding the world, which is why you often see two dogs sniffing each others’ butts as a “greeting.” Your pom will also try to sense when you’re stressed, anxious, or scared by your scent. To communicate effectively with your pom you shouldn’t use heavy colognes or perfumes that can disrupt his sense of smell.
Hearing is the second most important sense for pomeranians. He can hear mid and high frequency sounds that people don’t hear–while people only hear high pitched sounds at frequencies up to 23,000 Hertz, poms hear sounds up to 46,000 Hertz. This is why we don’t hear dog whistles but dogs do.
Because your pom hears so well, it’s advised that you try not to shout at him. He probably hears you just as well when you’re whispering.
Poms don’t see colors or details as well as people, but they see motion and in the dark better than us. Pomeranians lack retinal cones in their eyes, which are responsible for color perception, although they can tell the difference between blue-violet, yellow, and shades of gray.
You can communicate to your pom using posture and hand signals, but avoid colors or things that require him to notice small details.
Pomeranians (and all dogs) are touch animals. The type of touch your pomeranian likes will vary by pom, but all respond well to touch. For example, our first pom yogi loved being cuddled and held while our current pom Ted doesn’t like being cuddled as much but loves being petted and having his tummy rubbed.
Poms don’t have great taste buds, which probably explains why most of them will eat almost anything (ewww!). This is because dogs only have about a sixth of the number of taste buds that people do. Of course each pom will have his own personal likes and dislikes, but your pom will be more likely to try foods that he sees you eating so you can use this to guide him to different foods.